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SCIE 206 Antibiotic Resistance

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SCIE 206 Antibiotic Resistance

Background

For many years, antibiotics have been effectively used to treat bacterial disease; and pesticides have been used to protect our agricultural crops from many kinds of pests, including insects, worms (nematodes), fungi, or agricultural weeds, for example.

A growing concern for treating bacterial diseases or pest outbreaks is the evolution of antibiotic or pesticide resistance by bacterial or pest populations. Resistance means that a particular antibiotic is no longer effective in treating a disease, or that a particular pesticide will no longer prevent crop damage. This resistance can be viewed as evolution of a new trait at the population level, which is resistance to an antibiotic or to a pesticide. In this assignment, you will explore specific examples of antibiotic or pesticide resistance.

Assignment Details

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a big concern in hospitals throughout the country and the world, as have other antibiotic resistant bacterial strains.

Part 1

  • The use, overuse, and abuse of antibiotics is accredited with creating these antibiotic resistant strains. Explain how this relates to natural selection.
  • Describe 1-2 of the things that people do (you can include individuals, doctors, health care professionals, hospitals, farmers, etc.) that contribute to this problem? Why?

Part 2

  • How can you prevent or slow down the spread and further the selection of new antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria?
  • Are there things that you can personally do to reduce your risk or even to reduce the spread of these dangerous microbes?
  • What is your reaction to the following sign that is commonly found in restrooms? Is it significant to the discussion of antibiotic resistance?
  • (Free Signage, 2006)

Provide references in APA format. This includes a reference list and in-text citations for references used throughout the assignment.

Deliverable Length: 4-5 paragraphs

Reference

Free Signage. (2006). OSHA safety first signs [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.freesignage.com/osha_safety_signs.php