HCM 632 Legal and ethical consideration issues
Unit: Health Care Patients: Legal and Ethical Considerations and Issues
Choose a health care issue with controversial ethical and legal implications that was at the center of a high visibility case in the public domain. Some examples of issues include but are not limited to the following:
- Late term abortion
- Assisted suicide
- Surgical errors
- Patient abuse
- Parental refusal of medical treatment of minors for religious reasons
- Transplant patient selection process
- Access to clinical trials by terminal patients
- Gender assignment for infants born with intersex anatomy
- Survivor selection in conjoined twins
- Access to illicit drugs for palliative care
- Withholding hydration or nourishment
- Life support continuation for brain-dead patients
- Medical treatment for the elderly or terminally ill
- Donor organ harvesting
- Use of placebo in clinical trials
- Use of patient data without consent
- Stem cell research and treatments
- Access to treatments not yet approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Note: There is no time frame during which the case must have occurred for this assignment. Please note, however, that any case selected must be analyzed in the context of laws and policies that existed at the time of the case in addition to current laws and policies.
Perform research in the University library using at least 8–10 relevant peer-reviewed academic or professional journal articles that were published within the past 5 years, and complete the following to prepare your report:
- Analyze the ethics of the case from each end of the ethical spectrum (ultraconservative to ultraliberal) from the perspective of 3 of the following stakeholders:
- Patient’s immediate family or guardians
- Emergency medical personnel or first responders
- Doctors, surgeons, specialists, or other medical providers
- The hospital or health care facility
- A pharmaceutical or medical device company
- Identify policies at the federal, state, and local levels relating to the provision of health care and patient rights that played the following roles in the case:
- Assesses opposing views of these policies from the perspectives of the provider and patient
- Analyzes the implications of these policies on the operations of health care organizations
- Identify at least 3 state or federal laws that are relevant to the case, and complete the following:
- Evaluate key legal factors that are inherent in the case.
- Assess various policies and procedures that are inherent in these laws that relate to the provision of health care by providers or patient rights.
- Differentiate between the demands of legal policies and ethical issues with relevance to the needs of the provider and patient.
- Formulate an assessment of the potential impact of the case on decision-making options in the future for providers, patients, and administrators.