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GEOLOGY 1445 Describe the geology of Galveston Island

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GEOLOGY 1445 Describe the geology of Galveston Island

Describe the geology of Galveston Island.

Include the following: what influences are changing the shoreline, and how Galveston Island might look in the future if all of these influences continue.

Kirk Bryan Field Trip
Coastal Geomorphology and Change
along the Upper Texas Coast Chris Houser, Department of Geography, Texas A&M University
Rick Giardino, Department of Geology, Texas A&M University
Jim Gibeaut, Department of Geology, Texas A&M Corpus Christi
Doug Sherman, Department of Geography, Texas A&M University P a g e | i This field guide is a compilation of contemporary and past research along the Upper
Texas Coast. Errors of fact, omission or interpretation are entirely the responsibility of
the authors; the opinions and interpretations are not necessarily those of the Geological
Society of America, which is the primary sponsor of the field trip and guide. Likewise,
the opinions and interpretations do not necessarily reflect those presented by the
authors referenced in the field guide. ii | P a g e Field Trip Overview
This field trip will focus on the geomorphology of the Upper Texas Coast from High
Island to Bolivar Peninsula and most of Galveston Island. The trip will start with an
examination of the unique Trinity River Delta and the brackish marshes that line the
Intracoastal Waterway. Participants will also be able to see the higher elevations of High
Island resulting from the surface expression of a salt dome. Morning coffee will then be
provided on a section of the coast that is characterized by narrow beaches, a lack of
dunes, and extreme shoreline erosion. On the way to Bolivar Peninsula, the tour will
stop at Rollover Pass to discuss local coastal engineering modifications of the barrier
and then follow the transition from narrow eroding beaches to relatively stable wide
beaches with ridge and swale topography. A short ferry ride will bring the tour to
Galveston Island, where lunch will be provided on the Jetty at East Beach. The tour will
continue along the Galveston seawall and west of Galveston, where participants will

Texas Hurricane History
David Roth
National Weather Service
Camp Springs, MD Table of Contents
Preface
Climatology of Texas Tropical Cyclones
List of Texas Hurricanes
Tropical Cyclone Records in Texas
Hurricanes of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Hurricanes of the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries
Hurricanes of the Late Nineteenth Century
The First Indianola Hurricane – 1875
Last Indianola Hurricane (1886)- The Storm That Doomed Texas’ Major Port
The Great Galveston Hurricane (1900)
Hurricanes of the Early Twentieth Century
Corpus Christi’s Devastating Hurricane (1919)
San Antonio’s Great Flood – 1921
Hurricanes of the Late Twentieth Century
Hurricanes of the Early Twenty-First Century
Acknowledgments
Bibliography 3