ACC 410 Week 2 Quiz 1
The Government and Not-For-Profit Environment
TRUE/FALSE (CHAPTER 1)
- The main objective of a typical governmental entity is to earn a profit.
- A government’s budget may be backed by the force of law.
- Governmental entities have no need for an accounting system.
- Governments and not-for-profits employ a system of accounting known as fund accounting.
- Governments and not-for-profits may never engage in business-type activities.
- Lenders use the financial statements of governments and not-for profits just as they would those of businesses, that is, to help assess the borrower’s credit-worthiness.
- Financial statements, no matter how prepared, do not directly impact the economic worth of an entity.
- Cash flow statements are governments’ paramount financial documents.
- Most governments budget on an accrual basis.
- The Governmental Accounting Standards Board established generally accepted accounting principles for all state and local government entities, as well as all nongovernment entities.
MULTIPLE CHOICE (CHAPTER 1)
1. A primary characteristic that distinguishes governmental entities from business entities is
a) the need to generate revenues equal to or in excess of expenditures/expenses.
b) the importance of the budget in the governing process.
c) the need to provide goods or services.
d) the correlation between revenues generated and demand for goods or services.
2. Which of the following characteristics is NOT a characteristic that may distinguish a governmental or not-for-profit entity from a business entity?
a) There is often no direct link between revenues generated and expenditures/expenses incurred.
b) Capital assets may neither produce revenues nor save costs.
c) Revenues may not be indicative of demand for goods and services.
d) The mission of the entity will determine the goods or services provided.
3. The most significant financial document provided by a governmental entity may be
a) the balance sheet.
b) the operating statement.
c) the operating budget.
d) the cash flow statement.
4. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
a) All governmental entities engage in similar activities.
b) There are many different types of governments.
c) Governments may engage in activities similar to activities engaged in by for-profit entities.
d) Managers may have a short-term focus and thereby sacrifice the long-term viability of the entity.
5. Which of the following activities is NOT an activity in which a governmental entity might engage?
a) Selling electric power.
b) Operating a golf course.
c) Operating a book store.
d) All of the above are activities that might be carried out by a government.
6. In which of the following activities is a not-for-profit entity least likely to engage?
a) Providing educational services.
b) Providing health-care services.
c) Providing for the national defense.
d) Retail sales of cookies.
7. To obtain a comprehensive understanding of a government’s fiscal health, a financial analyst should obtain an understanding of which of the following?
a) All of the resources owned by the governmental entity.
b) All of the resources which may be summoned by a governmental entity.
c) Demographic data about the residents served by the governmental entity.
d) All of the above.
8. Which of the following is common to both governments and not-for-profit entities but distinguishes these entities from for-profit entities?
a) The budget is generally the most significant financial document.
b) Revenues are not necessarily indicative of demand for goods or services.
c) There is frequently no direct link between revenues and expenses.
d) All of the above are common to both governments and not-for-profit entities but distinguish them from for-profit entities.
9. Which of the following is NOT a purpose of external financial reporting by governments? External financial reports should allow users to
a) Assess financial condition.
b) Compare actual results with the budget.
c) Assess the ability of elected officials to effectively manage people.
d) Evaluate efficiency and effectiveness.
10. Which of the following is NOT a reason that users of government and not-for-profit external financial statements need to have information to enable them to assess the financial condition of a government?
a) To determine the ability of the entity to meet its obligations.
b) To determine the ability of the entity to continue to provide services.
c) To predict future fiscal developments.
d) To evaluate the overall profitability of the entity.
11. Users of financial statements should be interested in information about compliance with laws and regulations for which of the following reasons?
a) To determine if the entity has complied with bond covenants.
b) To determine if the entity has complied with taxing limitations.
c) To determine if the entity has complied with donor restrictions on the use of funds.
d) To determine all of the above.
12. Which of the following is NOT generally considered a main user of government and not-for-profit entity external financial statements?
a) Investors and creditors.
13. Which of the following is NOT a probable use a donor would make of the external financial statements of a not-for-profit entity?
a) To determine the creditworthiness of the entity for investment purposes.
b) To determine the proportion of entity resources directed to programs as opposed to fund-raising.
c) To determine the salaries paid to the top officials of the entity.
d) To determine the allocation of resources within the entity.
14. A regulatory agency would use the external financial statements of a local government for which of the following purposes?
a) To assure that the entity is spending and receiving resources in accordance with laws, regulations or policies.
b) To help assess management’s performance.
c) To exercise general oversight responsibility.
d) To do all of the above.
15. Which of the following objectives is considered to be the cornerstone of financial reporting by a governmental entity?
b) Budgetary compliance.
c) Interperiod equity.
d) Service efforts and accomplishments.
16. Which of the following is NOT an objective of financial reporting by governmental entities as established by GASB?
a) Financial reporting should assist users in determining if current period revenues were sufficient to pay for current-period services.
b) Financial reporting should assist users in assessing the management skills of top management.
c) Financial reporting should assist users in evaluating the operating results of the governmental entity for the year.
d) Financial reporting should assist users in assessing the level of services that can be provided by the governmental entity and its ability to meet its obligations as they come due.
17. Which of the following is NOT an objective of financial reporting for not-for-profit entities as established by FASB? Financial reporting should provide information that is useful to present and potential resource providers and other users in:
a) Making rational decisions about the allocation of resources to those organizations.
b) Assessing the services provided and the entity’s ability to continue to provide those services.
c) Assessing the types of services provided and the need for those services.
d) Assessing how managers have discharged their stewardship responsibilities.
18. As used by GASB, interperiod equity refers to which of the following? Financial reporting should:
a) Demonstrate compliance with finance-related contractual requirements.
b) Provide information to determine whether current-year revenues were sufficient to pay for current-year services.
c) Demonstrate whether resources were obtained and used in accordance with the entity’s legally adopted budget.
d) Provide information to assist users in assessing the government’s economy, efficiency, and effectiveness.
19. Given a specific set of data, the basis of accounting selected by or imposed on a governmental entity will least affect which of the following?
a) Determining whether or not the governmental entity has a balanced budget.
b) Determining whether or not the governmental entity has the ability to issue debt.
c) Determining whether or not certain events occurred.
d) Determining the annual payments to a government-sponsored pension plan.
20. The Governmental Accounting Standards Board is the primary standard-setting body for:
a) All governments.
b) All state and local governmental entities.
c) All governments and all not-for-profit entities.
d) All state and local governments and all not-for-profit entities.
21. Under certain circumstances a governmental entity might use standards established by which of the following standard-setting bodies?
d) All of the above.
22. The primary standard-setting body for accounting and financial reporting by a state-supported college or university is:
d) All of the above.
23. In descending order, the hierarchy of GAAP applicable to a church-owned college may be:
a) FASB Statements, AICPA Industry Audit Guides, FASB Implementation Guides, GASB Standards.
b) FASB Statements, FASB Technical Bulletins, FASB Implementation Guides, AICPA Practice Bulletins (if cleared by FASB).
c) GASB Statements, AICPA Industry Audit Guides, GASB Implementation Guides, FASB Standards.
d) GASB Statements, GASB Technical Bulletins, GASB Implementation Guides, AICPA Practice Bulletins (if cleared by GASB).
- Governments and not-for-profits employ a system of accounting known as
a) budget accounting.
b) financial accounting.
c) fund accounting
d) tax accounting.
- Which of the following rule-making authorities would establish accounting standards for all nongovernment not-for-profits?